Géraldine L. P. Bono, MD, is Doctoral Candidate, Swiss Children’s Rehab, University Children’s Hospital Zurich, Affoltern am Albis, Switzerland, and Resident Physician, Department of Pediatrics, University Children’s Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
Prisca Achermann, OT, is Occupational Therapist, Swiss Children’s Rehab, University Children’s Hospital Zurich, Affoltern am Albis, Switzerland.
Bärbel Rückriem, MScOT, is Head of Occupational Therapy, Swiss Children’s Rehab, University Children’s Hospital Zurich, Affoltern am Albis, Switzerland.
Jan Lieber, MScOT, is Deputy Head of Occupational Therapy, Swiss Children’s Rehab, University Children’s Hospital Zurich, Affoltern am Albis, Switzerland.
Hubertus J. A. van Hedel, PhD, PT, is Head of Research, Swiss Children’s Rehab, University Children’s Hospital Zurich, Affoltern am Albis, Switzerland, and Professor of Neurorehabilitation, Children’s Research Center, University Children’s Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
CE Credit: .1 CEU (1 credit hour/1.25 PDU)
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of PULIT in helping children with upper limb impairments achieve individually set goals and enable transfer of the attained motor skills into ADLs.
Following this course, the learner will be able to:
1. Differentiate between interventions that enhance upper limb functions.
2. Summarize the effect of the Personalized Upper Limb Intensive Therapy (PULIT) program on participants.
3. Compare the results of the PULIT program to previous randomized control studies.
Importance: Children with hemiparesis experience limitations in activities of daily living (ADLs) as a result of upper limb impairments. To address these limitations, we developed a group-based Personalized Upper Limb Intensive Therapy (PULIT) program combining modified constraint-induced movement therapy, bimanual intensive therapy, and exergame-based robotics.
Design: Retrospective analysis.
Setting: Day camp at a pediatric rehabilitation clinic in Switzerland.
Participants: Twenty-three children with upper limb impairment (unilateral cerebral palsy, n 5 16; acquired brain injury, n 5 7); 13 boys and 10 girls (M age 5 7 yr, 8mo, SD 5 2 yr, 1 mo; Manual Ability Classification System Level I–IV).
Intervention: Thirty hours of PULIT over the course of 8 days.
Outcomes and Measures: Goal attainment scaling (GAS) was assessed on the first and last day of intervention. The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) and dexterity tests, such as the Box and Block Test (BBT), were administered 3 wk before and 3 wk after the intervention.
Results: Total goal achievement was 85.7%. GAS, parent- and child-rated COPM Performance and Satisfaction, and the BBT of the affected and dominant upper limb improved significantly.
Conclusions and Relevance: PULIT effectively increases children’s dexterity of the impaired and dominant upper limb, improves ADL performance, and achieves individual goals. This retrospective analysis could serve as a basis for a future randomized trial.
What This Article Adds: This article informs occupational therapy practitioners about a therapy program that
includes conventional and rehabilitation technology interventions and enables children with hemiparesis of the upper limb to improve relevant ADL tasks in 8 days’ time.