Occupational Therapy Practice Guidelines for Productive Aging for Community-Dwelling Older Adults
By Natalie Leland, PhD, OTR/L, BCG; Sharon J. Elliott, DHS, GCG, OTR/L, BCG, FAOTA; and Kimberly Johnson, MSW
By 2030, nearly 20% of the U.S. population will be ages 65 or older, and the fastest growing segment among them will be people ages 85 or older. Individuals in this oldest age group have the highest rates of health care utilization, morbidity, and disability.
To support productive aging and continued participation despite occupational shifts in habits, roles, and routines, preventive care models that include self-management programs and strategies to support participation are needed that will support older adults in the management of their chronic conditions and prevention of illness and injury. This Practice Guideline will help occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants, as well as the individuals who manage, reimburse, or set policy regarding occupational therapy services, understand the contribution of occupational therapy in treating community-living older adults to facilitate productive aging.